Basic Music Series
Lesson I.3 Clefs
Notation is used to show a range of notes. The range is determined by the voice or instrument.
Music uses a system of 5 lines and 4 spaces called a staff. The staff has no meaning without a clef.
Clefs are used to give meaning to the lines and spaces and tell use which range we are notating.
Treble or G Clef
G below A=440, above A=220
Music pitch names are based on a repeating alphabet pattern: A-B-C-D-E-F-G-A
If you move up, you are moving forward; A ascends to B.
If you move down, you are moving backward; A descends to G.
Alto or C clef
C above A=220
Bass or F Clef
F above A=110